6th Grade Curriculum

Mt. Ararat Middle School

6th GRADE Curriculum Guide

 

 

English Language Arts (ELA)

ELA 1 READING COMPREHENSION

  • Can identify the theme in a work of literature and analyze how that theme is conveyed through particular details

ELA 2 READING INTERPRETATION

  • Can analyze how structures and features of a text help a reader contributes to the development of ideas
  • Can cite textual evidence to support what the text say explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text
  • Can trace an argument and claims in a text and identify which claims are supported by reasons and evidence and which are not

ELA 3 WRITING ARGUMENTS

  • Can structure an argument in writing to convey a clear position

 

Mathematics

MAT 1 NUMBER AND QUANTITY

  • Find the greatest common factor of two whole numbers less than or equal to 100 and the least common multiple of two whole numbers less than or equal to 12.  Use the distributive property to express a sum of two whole numbers with a common factor as a multiple of a sum of two whole numbers with no common factor.
  • Fluently add, subtract, multiply and divide multi-digit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation.
  • Fluently divide mult-digit numbers with the standard algorithm.
  • Interpret and compute quotients of fractions.
  • Understand ordering and absolute value of rational numbers.
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems by graphing points in all four quadrants of the coordinate plane. Include use of coordinates and absolute value to find distances between points with the same first or the same second coordinate.
  • Understand that positive and negative numbers are used together to describe quantities having opposite directions or values.
  • Understand a rational number as a point on the number line.  Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates.
  • Understand the concept of a unit rate.
  • Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities.
  • Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real -world and mathematical problems.

MAT 2 ALGEBRA

  • Use equations, graphs and tables to analyze relationships between dependent and independent variables.
  • Apply properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions.
  • Identify equivalent expressions.
  • Find values to make an equation or inequality true.
  • Solve simple equations with nonnegative numbers.
  • Write and evaluate expressions with exponents.
  • Write expressions or equations to represent real world situations.
  • Write inequalities to represent real world situations.
  • Write, read and evaluate expressions with variables.

MAT 4 GEOMETRY

  • Draw polygons in the coordinate plane given coordinates for the vertices.
  • Find the area of triangles, special quadrilaterals and polygons.
  • Find the volume of right rectangular edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes and show that the volume is the same as would be found by using the formula V=lwh and V=bh.
  • Represent three dimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures.

MAT 5 STATISTICS & PROBABILITY

  • Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms and box plots.
  • Understand that a data set has a distribution, center, spread, and shape.
  • Understand that a measure of center summarizes all values with a single number.
  • Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers.

 

Science

SCI 1 PHYSICAL SCIENCES: STRUCTURE/PROPERTIES OF MATTER, FORCES, AND INTERACTIONS

  • STATES OF MATTER (6) Use a model to describe and predict changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed using water.

    SCI 2 PHYSICAL SCIENCES: ENERGY, WAVES, AND ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION

  • Understands how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.
  • WAVE ENERGY Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

SCI 3 LIFE SCIENCES: STRUCTURE, FUNCTION, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING

  • Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways parts of cells contribute to the function
  • Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.
  • Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells.
  • Gather and synthesized information that sensory receptors respond to stimuli by sending messages to the brain for immediate behavior or storage as memories.

SCI 4 LIFE SCIENCES: MATTER AND ENERGY IN ORGANISMS AND ECOSYSTEMS

  • CYCLES OF MATTER (6) Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.

    SCI 7 EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES: EARTH SYSTEMS

  • Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
  • Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
  • Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and the moon and seasons.
  • NATURAL DISASTERS Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
  • Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar systems.
  • Explain how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.

SCI 8 ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY, AND APPLICATION OF SCIENCE

  • Students can approximate the measurements for key benchmarks and compare those measurements in both the standard and metric systems.
  • Students can compare the relative sizes of metric units of measure including units of length, mass, temperature and time. (Assessment boundaries: mass mg, g and kg; length ??m, mm, cm, m, km; temperature in Celsius, time in days, hours, minutes and seconds.)
  • Students can convert measurements within the metric system.
  • Students can effectively report the results of their experiments.(Assessment boundaries: Students should be able to report using an investigative question, a hypothesis statement that tests one variable, a materials and methods section, and then draw valid conclusions from the data.)
  • Students can use a ruler, balance, thermometer, and chronometer (timer) to make accurate and reproducible measurements.

 

Social Studies

SS1 APPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL STUDIES PROCESSES, KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS

  • Develop and present both oral and written pieces on social studies topics which present claims and Claims are supported evidence using credible sources and a concluding statement that follows from and supports the argument presented.
  • Determine the central ideas or information from a primary or secondary source;

SS2 CIVIC ENGAGEMENT

  • Analyze how people influence government and work for the common good.
  • Develop and present decisions or plans, orally and in writing by: contributing to collaborative discussions that examine alternative ideas; • considering the pros and cons of these ideas; and• thoughtfully recognizing the contributions of other group members.

SS3 CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

  • Describe the structures and processes of the United States government.

    SS4 ECONOMICS

  • Identify factors that contribute to personal spending and savings decisions including work, wages, income, expenses, and budgets as they relate to the study of personal financial choices.

    SS5 GEOGRAPHY

  • Explain how the interaction between humans and geography impact culture and the physical resources of places.
  • Understands basic geographic concepts including landforms, climate, global grid, and location of continents and oceans.

SS6 HISTORY

  • Analyze interpretations of historical events that are based on different perspectives and evidence.
  • Trace and explain democratic ideals and their origins.

 

Health Education and Physical Education

HE 1 HEALTH CONCEPTS

  • Describe the specific characteristics of adolescent growth and development.
  • Explain situations requiring the use of valid and reliable health information, products and services and locate them.
  • Demonstrate a healthy practice/behavior to maintain or improve one’s own health in each of the following areas: personal hygiene healthy eating physical activity and tobacco, alcohol and other drug use prevention.
  • Demonstrate ways to recognize, avoid or change situations that threaten the safety of self and others and develop injury prevention and safety strategies including first aid for family and personal health.
  • Apply the following decision making skills to enhance health determine when health related situation requires a thoughtful decision making process determine when individual or collaborative decision making is appropriate distinguish between healthy or unhealthy alternatives and predict the potential short term impact on themselves or others choose healthy  alternatives and analyze the outcome of their health related decision.
  • Demonstrate correct technique for motor and manipulative skills and combine both skills during drills or modified games/physical activities.
  • Demonstrates knowledge of the rules of play in various activities.
  • Demonstrates use of various offensive and defensive strategies.
  • Completes a health related fitness assessment that address a variety of health related fitness components.
  • Actively engage in fitness activities that address the 5 health related fitness components.
  • Students learn how to safely lift weights focusing specifically on best practice for middle school students.
  • Demonstrate the following cooperative and inclusive skills while participating in physical activities. Teamwork, appropriate response to peer pressure, managing conflict, respectful engagement of peers in activities.
  • Demonstrate the following cooperative and inclusive skills while participating in physical activities. Teamwork, appropriate response to peer pressure, managing conflict, respectful engagement of peers in activities.
  • Describe game/activity safety rules and their purpose. Reasons for modifying those rules and possible risks associated with specific games/physical activities.

     

    Learning Commons

    COMMUNICATION AND COLLABORATION: EXCHANGING IDEAS, DEVELOPING NEW UNDERSTANDINGS, MAKING DECISIONS

  • Is skilled at contributing ideas to a group using a variety of platforms.

    CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION

  • Is skilled at applying existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products, or processes.

    INVESTIGATION

  • Is skilled at using the research process to learn about different aspects of a topic by using several sources in a short research project.

    READING

  • Is skilled at using systems and resources available through the Learning Commons to locate and select reading materials for personal enjoyment as well as to support inquiry and learning in specific topics and content areas.

    RESPONSIBILITY: ETHICAL AND SAFE CONTRIBUTIONS, PARTICIPATION, AND BEHAVIORS

  • Is skilled at locating information within a digital resource that supports the validity and credibility of that resource.
  • Is skilled at applying responsible research practices to avoid plagiarism.

    TECHNOLOGY: TOOLS FOR KNOWLEDGEABLE CITIZENS

  • Is skilled at using technology tools to organize and display knowledge and understanding in ways that others can view, use, and assess.

     

    Visual and Performing Arts (VPA)

    VPA 1 DISCIPLINARY LITERACY

  • Students listen to and compare elements of music, including pitch, rhythm, tempo, dynamics, form, timbre, texture, harmony, style, and meter.
  • Students accurately perform music from grades 1-2 that includes changes of tempo, key, and meter in modest ranges with moderate technical demands, modeling proper posture and technique, alone or with others.
  • Students apply accumulated knowledge of musical notation, symbols, and terminology to a music performance while performing music in grades 1-2.Read whole, half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth, and dotted notes and rests in 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 meter signatures. Read melodies in appropriate clefs. Apply notation symbols for pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tempo, articulation, and expression.

    VPA 2 CREATION, PERFORMANCE, EXPRESSION

  • Students perform music of various styles and genres that includes changes of tempo, key, and meter in modest ranges with moderate technical demands accurately applying the accumulated knowledge and skills of: proper posture and technique; musical notation; symbols; and terminology.
  • Use Elements of Art and Principles of Design to create original art works that demonstrate different styles.

    VPA 3 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING

  • Students describe and apply creative-thinking skills that are part of the creative problem-solving process. a. Fluency b. Flexibility c. Elaboration d. Originality e. Analysis
  • Organize design concepts (Elements and Principles of Design) to create bold and meaningful compositions.

    VPA 4 AESTHETICS AND CRITICISM

  • Compare the effectiveness of selected media, techniques, and processes in communicating ideas.
  • Explain and compare different purposes of artists and art work in the context of time and place.
  • Students compare and analyze art forms. a. Compare and analyze art forms by applying grade span appropriate concepts, vocabulary, skills, and processes as referenced in Standard A: Disciplinary Literacy
  • Use visual arts vocabulary to describe concepts, techniques and processes.

VPA 5 CONNECTIONS

  • Students set goals related to time management, interpersonal interactions, or skill development that will lead to success in the arts.
  • Impact of the Arts on Lifestyle and Career. Students explain the impact of artistic and career choices on self, others, and the natural and man-made environment.
  • Explain how art documents life to understand history and/or world cultures
  • Students compare products of the visual/performing arts to understand history and/or world cultures.

     

    World Languages

    WL 2 INTERPRETIVE COMMUNICATION

  • Understands that people of all cultures use body language to communicate.

    WL 3 PRESENTATIONAL COMMUNICATION

  • Understands that there are different alphabets and pronunciations in different languages.

    WL 4 COMPARISON OF PRACTICES, PRODUCTS AND PERSPECTIVES

  • Can identify products from another culture.
  • Understands that there are different rules of capitalization and punctuation in different languages.

 

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